Vienna Blue Rabbit

Vienna Blue Rabbit

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The Vienna Blue Rabbit is a breed that originated in Austria and was developed by Johann Constantin Schultz, a railway official. His aim was to create a rabbit with a fine pelt that could also be suitable for the meat trade. This breed is known for its attractive, shiny blue-grey fur and its loving character, making it a popular exhibition breed in many countries, including Germany, Holland, and Switzerland.

These rabbits are not only aesthetically pleasing but also robust and low-maintenance, making them an excellent choice for pet owners. They have erect ears, strong legs, and a sturdy build, traits that have contributed to the rise of this breed in countries such as the United Kingdom. However, due to their rarity, some aspects of their history and origin remain uncertain.

Key Takeaways

  • Vienna Blue Rabbits originate from Austria and were designed for both their fine pelt and meat trade suitability.
  • This breed is characterized by its attractive blue-grey fur, loving temperament, and low-maintenance nature.
  • Vienna Blue Rabbits are a rare exhibition breed gaining popularity in various countries, despite some unknown aspects of their history.


The Vienna Blue Rabbit is a striking breed known for its unique coloration. Primarily, these rabbits exhibit a beautiful blue-grey fur that gives them their name. Their coat has a silky texture, which adds to their overall charm and appeal. In addition to the blue-grey variety, Vienna rabbits can also be found in other colors, such as white, black, and slate blue.

The undercolor of the Vienna Blue Rabbit’s fur is usually a shade of grey, contributing to the depth of their coat color. This makes their fur appear shiny and lustrous, further enhancing their attractive appearance. Complementing their distinctive fur color are their deep blue eyes, which give them a mesmerizing gaze.

Another characteristic of the Vienna Blue Rabbit is the shape and size of their ears. Measuring around 13 to 15 centimeters (5.1 to 5.9 inches) in length, their ears are relatively small, with a pronounced rounding at the ends. This feature adds to the breed’s compact and slightly elongated body shape, which is well-muscled and supported by strong bones.

In summary, the Vienna Blue Rabbit’s appearance is defined by its blue-grey fur, silky texture, and blue eyes. Its compact body, strong structure, and rounded ears contribute to this breed’s unique and attractive appearance.

Health and Care

Vienna Blue Rabbits are relatively low maintenance pets, but it is crucial to provide proper care to ensure their health and well-being. Regular veterinary check-ups are essential to catch any potential health issues early.

One common health issue among rabbits, including the Vienna Blue breed, is overgrown teeth. Like other rabbits, their teeth continuously grow throughout their life, so it is essential to provide them with adequate chewing materials such as hay, wooden toys, or branches to wear down their teeth. Overgrown teeth can cause pain and difficulty eating, and may require veterinary intervention.

Ear mites and hairballs are other common health problems. Regular grooming can help prevent the build-up of excess fur, which can lead to hairballs. To avoid ear mites, it’s essential to check their ears for any signs of inflammation or discharge and keep their living environment clean.

Digestive issues like gastrointestinal (GI) stasis can be a severe concern for rabbits, including Vienna Blues. To prevent GI stasis, ensure they have a well-balanced diet with a sufficient amount of hay and fresh vegetables to provide the necessary fiber for healthy digestion. Always monitor their eating habits and fecal output, and consult a veterinarian if you notice any changes.

Vienna Blue Rabbits are susceptible to various parasites, both external and internal. Fleas, ticks, and mites can cause discomfort, and in severe cases, anemia. Regularly inspect your rabbit for signs of these parasites and consult a veterinarian for appropriate treatment options. Internal parasites, like worms, can also negatively affect their well-being. Regular fecal examinations can aid in identifying and treating these issues.

In summary, to ensure optimal health and care for a Vienna Blue Rabbit, provide a clean and comfortable living environment, a balanced diet, regular grooming, routine veterinary check-ups and necessary treatments for any identified health issues.

Nutrition and Diet

Vienna Blue Rabbits, like all rabbits, require a specific diet to maintain their health and wellbeing. Their diet should consist primarily of hay, which should make up around 70-80% of their total food intake. High-quality grass hay such as Timothy, orchard, or brome is crucial for the rabbit’s digestive system and overall health. Alfalfa hay can be included though it is richer in calories and should be given in moderation, especially for adult rabbits.

In addition to hay, a portion of their diet should be made up of a variety of fresh vegetables. Green vegetables like parsley and cilantro are suitable options for rabbits. ‎Can Rabbits Eat Parsley? and ‎Can Rabbits Eat Cilantro? highlight that these fresh herbs are safe and even beneficial for their health. Incorporating a diverse range of vegetables within their diet will provide them with essential nutrients and vitamins.

Quality rabbit pellets are also a part of their daily nutrition, being specifically designed to meet their dietary needs. Pellets should be given in moderation, following the recommended guidelines to avoid overfeeding. Always ensure they have access to fresh water as it’s a crucial part of their diet.

Occasionally, rabbits can be given fruits as a treat, though these should be given sparingly due to their sugar content. ‎Can Rabbits Eat Peaches? and ‎Can Rabbits Eat Blackberries? are examples of fruits that can be given as treats, but it’s important to consider the type, quantity, and frequency when feeding them to rabbits.

By providing Vienna Blue Rabbits with a balanced diet consisting mainly of high-quality hay, a mix of fresh vegetables, quality pellets, and occasional fruits as treats, you can ensure they maintain their health and happiness.

Behavior and Temperament

The Vienna Blue Rabbit has a calm and docile temperament, making them suitable pets for different types of households. They display a loving character, which endears them to their owners and fosters a strong bond between the pet and its human companions. These rabbits are known to be sociable creatures, often enjoying the company of their own kind as well as that of their human caretakers.

Despite their gentle nature, Vienna Blue Rabbits can occasionally exhibit territorial behaviors, particularly if they feel the need to protect their living space. However, these instances are typically infrequent, and with proper care and socialization, these rabbits maintain their calm demeanor and relaxed attitude.

The character of the Vienna Blue Rabbit makes them suitable for families with children, as their laid-back temperament and friendly manner encourage bonding with the younger members of the family. Moreover, their adaptability and resilience enable them to thrive in various environments, while their easygoing nature ensures that they can be litter trained with patience and persistence.

In conclusion, the Vienna Blue Rabbit’s behavior and temperament set them apart as excellent pets for those seeking a friendly, calm, and docile companion. Their loveable character and sociable disposition make them a joy to have around the home, while their ability to adapt to various living situations ensures that they can find their place in many different types of households.

Housing and Exercise

When it comes to housing a Vienna Blue Rabbit, providing a comfortable and spacious environment is essential. The rabbit’s enclosure should be large enough for them to move around, hop, and stretch out comfortably. A hutch or a rabbit condo can serve as a suitable home, either in the backyard or indoors, depending on individual preferences.

Bedding plays a crucial role in the rabbit’s well-being. Opt for soft, absorbent materials that provide proper support and cushioning, such as wood shavings, hay, or shredded paper. It is crucial to change and clean the bedding regularly to maintain a hygienic living space for the rabbit.

Exercise is an indispensable factor for a healthy and happy Vienna Blue Rabbit. In addition to their primary enclosure, providing an outdoor exercise area or a secure playpen lets the rabbit display their natural behaviors, such as digging, playing, and curiosity-driven exploration. The exercise area should be equipped with hiding spots, toys, and items to jump onto or burrow into for the rabbit to stay engaged and mentally stimulated.

If an outdoor enclosure is used, ensure it is secure, weatherproof, and well-insulated to protect the rabbit from temperature fluctuations and potential predators. An area with partial shade, free from direct sunlight and rain, is an ideal location for setting up an outdoor enclosure.

In conclusion, providing a well-maintained enclosure, comfortable bedding, and opportunities for exercise and play contribute to a high quality of life for a Vienna Blue Rabbit. With suitable housing and care, owners can nurture a strong bond with these beautiful, affectionate pets.

Breeding Information

Vienna Blue rabbits are a popular breed originally from Austria, known for their shiny blue-grey fur and blue-grey eyes. Their loving character and docile nature make them an attractive choice for breeders and pet owners alike. When planning to breed Vienna Blue rabbits, it is essential to consider their unique characteristics and the best practices to ensure healthy offspring.

The breeding process for Vienna Blue rabbits starts with selecting healthy and well-tempered breeding pairs. It is important to separate males and females until they are of appropriate age and size for breeding. Males, also known as bucks, can start breeding at around six months of age, while females, or does, can begin breeding at around four to six months. It is crucial to ensure both rabbits are in good health before attempting to breed them.

To help improve the potential for successful mating, it is advisable to bring the doe to the buck’s living space. This allows the buck to feel more comfortable and assertive in his own territory. During the mating process, bucks and does may display certain mating behaviors, such as circling and mounting. It is crucial to monitor the mating to prevent potential aggression or injury. Keep in mind that rabbits don’t typically mate for life, so it’s important not to expect a lifelong mating pair (Do Rabbits Mate For Life?).

After successful breeding, gestation in rabbits usually ranges from 28 to 32 days, with an average of 31 days. It is essential to provide the doe with a clean and comfortable nesting box. Providing hay or straw can allow her to create a comfortable nest for her kits (baby rabbits).

When it comes to breeding Vienna Blue rabbits, it is essential to consider the possibility of neutering. Neutering rabbits can help control the rabbit population and prevent any unwanted offspring or future health issues. It is important to consult with a veterinarian to determine the appropriate age and procedure for neutering your rabbits.

Caring for breeding rabbits and their offspring also includes observing their behavior, providing a nutritious diet, and maintaining a clean living environment. This will ensure the well-being of both the breeding pair and their kits, ultimately contributing to the success of the Vienna Blue rabbit breeding process.

History and Origin

The Vienna Blue rabbit, also referred to as the Austrian Blue, is a breed that originated in Austria. This unique rabbit earned its name due to its beautiful slate blue color and erect ears, contributing to its strong appearance. Over the years, it has gained popularity across Europe, particularly in Germany, Holland, and Switzerland.

Breeder Wilheim Mucke is credited with developing the Vienna rabbit in the late 1800s after 15 years of dedicated breeding efforts. The main goal was to produce a rabbit with distinctive blue eyes. Consequently, two varieties of the Vienna rabbit emerged: a uniform white one and a colored one.

In the United Kingdom, the Vienna rabbit has also started to make an appearance in recent years. However, some historians are uncertain about the precise origin of the breed. Conversations with Belgians claim it to be derivative of another rabbit breed called the Blue of Beveren.

On the other hand, the American Blue rabbit, which was bred by Lewis Salisbury in California in 1917, has a connection to the Vienna Blue. Initially known as the German Blue Vienna, this breed got its name changed to American Blue Rabbits after World War I. Although the exact combination of breeds used to create this blue bunny remains a mystery, it is widely believed that they are closely related to their Austrian counterparts.

Today, Vienna Blue rabbits are a popular breed in the rabbit-keeping community, due to their calm, tame, and affectionate nature. They can be found throughout Europe, the United Kingdom, and even the United States.

Comparison with Other Breeds

Vienna Blue rabbits are known for their calm and affectionate nature, making them suitable pets for various types of households. In comparison to other rabbit breeds, Vienna Blue rabbits are medium-sized, with a weight range of 5.5 to 7 kg. Their appearance is characterized by different colors, such as blue, black, hare grey, blue grey, iron grey, and blue grey.

The American Rabbit Breeders Association recognizes several rabbit breeds, including the Flemish Giant, which is among the largest rabbit breeds in the world. In contrast, Vienna Blue rabbits are smaller, making them easier to manage for inexperienced rabbit owners. However, both breeds share traits of being calm and good-natured, an aspect that contributes to their popularity as pets.

While the Vienna Blue rabbit is known for its variety of colors, the White Vienna Rabbit is a natural variation of the breed and comes in a uniform white color2. Although not as popular, White Vienna rabbits are appreciated for their blue eyes and gentle demeanors, similar to the Vienna Blue.

If we compare the Vienna Blue with the Continental Giant Rabbit, another large breed, we find that they are often mistaken with Flemish Giants. However, they are different in origin, with the Continental Giant hailing from Europe and the Flemish Giant from the Flanders region. In terms of size, the Vienna Blue sits between these two giants, providing an excellent option for people who prefer medium-sized rabbits.

The British Rabbit Council is another organization that considers the Vienna rabbit as one of the most popular breeds in Europe3. Their popularity is likely due to the combination of a striking appearance and their sweet, domesticated nature.

Frequently Asked Questions

What is the lifespan of a Vienna Blue rabbit?

The lifespan of a Vienna Blue rabbit is similar to other domestic rabbit breeds, which typically live for 5 to 8 years. However, with proper care and a suitable living environment, some Vienna Blue rabbits have been known to live up to 10-12 years.

Where can I adopt or buy a Vienna Blue rabbit?

You can adopt or buy a Vienna Blue rabbit from breeders, shelters, or pet stores that specialize in rabbits. It is a good idea to check local shelters and rescue organizations first, as they may have Vienna Blue rabbits available for adoption. Alternatively, reputable breeders can be identified through rabbit enthusiasts forums, local rabbit clubs, or the British Rabbit Council.

What is the typical size of a Vienna Blue rabbit?

A Vienna Blue rabbit is a medium-sized rabbit breed. They typically weigh between 6 to 10 pounds. The breed is known for its erect ears, strong legs, and round, compact body that is proportional to its size.

How much does a Vienna Blue rabbit usually cost?

The cost of a Vienna Blue rabbit can vary depending on factors such as the breeder, location, and availability. Prices can range from $50 to $200 or more. It is important to remember that the initial cost of the rabbit is only one part of the overall expense of rabbit ownership, as there will be additional costs for items like housing, food, and vet visits.

What are other blue rabbit breeds similar to the Vienna Blue?

The Vienna Blue rabbit is similar to a few other blue rabbit breeds. One such breed is the American Blue Rabbit, which also has a blue-grey fur color and comparable size. Another breed is the Blue of Beveren, which some historians believe the Vienna Blue rabbit descended from. These rabbits also share similarities in appearance and temperament.

How can you identify a Vienna marked rabbit?

A Vienna marked rabbit is a rabbit that carries one copy of the Vienna gene, which is responsible for the blue-eyed white coloration seen in some rabbits. Vienna marked rabbits may have some white fur patches or blue-grey eyes, but they do not have the entirely white fur and blue eyes associated with homozygous Vienna gene carriers.

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