Beveren Rabbit

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The Beveren Rabbit is a large, rare breed that has been around since the 1890s, originating from Belgium. Known for their stunning blue color – a rarity in the rabbit kingdom – they have captivated people worldwide. Recognized by the American Rabbit Breeders Association, the Beveren comes in three different colors: black, blue, and white. Its coat is dense, glossy, and features a gentle rollback fur type.

These rabbits boast a well-tempered and clean demeanor, making them ideal as pets for singles, house rabbits, or families with older children. With their mandolin or semi-arch shape, Beveren Rabbits are both intelligent and energetic. They are docile, curious creatures that love to explore the outdoors.

Apart from being great pets, Beveren Rabbits are known for their maternal instinct and their ability to raise kits that grow quickly. The breed’s rich history dates back to when blue Beverens were imported into Britain in 1905 and later, the founding of the Beveren Club in 1918. Although facing initial skepticism from judges, the Beveren Rabbit has successfully established itself in the world of rabbit aficionados and owners alike.

Origin and History

The Beveren rabbit has a rich history that dates back to the late 19th century. This breed originated in the small town of Beveren, near Antwerp in Belgium. Recognized in 1898, its name is derived from the town of its origin in the Waas region of western Belgium. The development of this breed was mainly focused on its fur quality and quantity.

Historically, the original color of the Beveren rabbit was a blue shade that primarily came about through the selective breeding of the self-blue St. Nicholas (St. Niklass) rabbits. This beautiful blue color eventually led to the development of the Blue Vienna rabbit, which shares a similar appearance and history with the Beveren. Over time, the breed expanded to have more color varieties, and it is now recognized by the American Rabbit Breeders Association in three different colors: Black, Blue, and White.

The Beveren rabbit found its way to the United Kingdom in the late 1890s. Their unique appearance and quality fur quickly gained popularity, and they were first shown as a show animal around 1905. The breed’s rising fame led to the establishment of the Beveren Club in 1918, further solidifying its status as a popular fur breed in the UK. As a result, the Beveren rabbit became one of the most sought-after fur breeds in the region during this time.

Despite its rich history and enduring popularity, the Beveren rabbit remains a relatively rare breed today. Nonetheless, its unique characteristics, beautiful fur, and pleasant temperament continue to capture the interest of rabbit enthusiasts worldwide, making it a breed that is worth preserving and appreciating.

Physical Characteristics

Color Varieties

The Beveren Rabbit comes in a variety of colors including blue, white, black, brown, and lilac. However, not all of these colors are recognized by the American Rabbit Breeders Association (ARBA). A rare variant of the breed, called the Pointed Beveren, features the same color range but with white markings.

Fur Type

The Beveren Rabbit is known for its dense and glossy fur, which has a rollback quality. This fur type was originally bred for the rabbit’s pelt, but later gained popularity as both a show and pet rabbit due to its stunning appearance.

Size and Weight

The Beveren Rabbit is a large breed with a mandolin shape body type, making it one of the oldest and largest fur rabbit breeds. Its body is medium in length with a broad, meaty back, and a deep, firm loin. The shoulders are strong and firm, with a well-sprung rib cage that tapers slightly from broader, smooth hips. The rabbit’s legs are sturdy, supporting its substantial size.

The Beveren Rabbit’s head is in proportion to the rest of its body, with ears that are fairly long and stand upright. Its feet are strong and well-formed, allowing the rabbit to move with ease. The tail of the Beveren Rabbit is of average length and complements its mandolin shape.

As a large breed, the adult Beveren Rabbit can weigh between 8 and 12 pounds, with females tending to be slightly heavier than males.

Temperament and Behavior

Beveren rabbits possess a friendly and affectionate temperament, making them desirable pets for people who enjoy interactive pets. They are known for being intelligent, which allows them to be more trainable and adaptive to various environments.

These rabbits display a curious nature, often exploring and engaging with their surroundings, making it essential for pet owners to provide them with a stimulating environment. They are quite active and energetic, requiring ample space to move and play to maintain their physical and mental well-being.

Engaging with a Beveren rabbit can be rewarding as they often show affection towards their caretakers. Due to their calm demeanor, they can be suitable pets for families, however, primarily for those with older children that can handle the rabbit’s larger size with care and ease.

While the Beveren rabbit is generally an easy-going, social pet, it is crucial to provide them with a balance of interaction and personal space to ensure their happiness and maintain a healthy relationship with their caretakers. The combination of their active, friendly, intelligent, and curious nature makes the Beveren rabbit a remarkable and enjoyable companion.

Breed Recognition

The Beveren Rabbit is a large breed with a rich European history, originating from Beveren, Belgium during the 19th century. Created from crosses of the Brabanconne, St. Nicolas Blue, and the Blue Vienna, the Beveren Rabbit is recognized for its dense and glossy rollback fur and its pronounced mandolin shape.

In the United States, the Beveren Rabbit is recognized by the American Rabbit Breeders Association (ARBA) in three different colors: Black, Blue, and White. The fur length of this breed is quite long, with an average of 1¼ to 1½ inches. Though Beveren Rabbits are not as common in the United States, their active and energetic nature has resulted in a devoted following. The ARBA lists the maximum weight of a Beveren Rabbit at 12 pounds.

As for the British Rabbit Council, its history traces back to the strong Beveren Club, which began recognizing other breeds of fur rabbits in 1925. The club then changed its name to the British Fur Rabbit Society before finally becoming the British Rabbit Council.

The Livestock Conservancy also acknowledges the Beveren Rabbit, providing further validation for its breed recognition within the rabbit community. This organization offers information and resources on conserving rare and endangered livestock and poultry species, including the Beveren Rabbit.

Care and Maintenance


Beveren rabbits require a well-balanced diet to maintain proper health. Their main source of nutrition should come from high-quality hay, which makes up 70% of their diet. Make sure to provide them with fresh hay at all times. Additionally, they need a moderate amount of fresh vegetables and a small portion of pellets. Keep a constant supply of clean, fresh water for your rabbit as well.


Beveren rabbits are a larger breed, weighing between eight to twelve pounds. Therefore, it’s crucial to provide them with a spacious hutch or cage. A minimum cage size should be 6ft x 2ft x 2ft for this breed. A solid surface for flooring is important, combined with soft bedding materials like straw, hay, or shredded paper for comfort and warmth. Provide hiding spaces like tunnels or wooden boxes for added security.

Temperature-wise, Beveren rabbits thrive in a comfortable room temperature. Ensure they are protected from direct sunlight and drafts. These rabbits are energetic and require daily exercise, so they should have access to a safe, enclosed area where they can run, jump, and play.

Grooming and Health Care

Regular grooming is essential for the Beveren rabbit. They don’t require extensive grooming, but a weekly brush will keep their fur in good condition and avoid the build-up of loose hair. Thorough grooming is even more important during molting seasons to prevent hair from accumulating in their digestive system.

Keep an eye on your rabbit’s health, checking for signs of illness such as weight loss, lethargy, or discharge from the eyes or nose. Monitor their dental health, as rabbits are known to suffer from overgrown teeth that can lead to difficulty eating. It’s important to have a knowledgeable veterinarian perform regular check-ups on your rabbit to ensure it remains in good health.

Health Concerns

Beveren rabbits are generally healthy animals with a lifespan of 5-8 years. Despite their hardy nature, it is essential to be aware of potential health problems that may arise and provide them with proper care to ensure their well-being.

One common health issue for Beveren rabbits, as well as for most rabbit breeds, is dental problems. Overgrown teeth can result in difficulty eating and discomfort. Providing the rabbit with a diet consisting of at least 70% hay can help wear down the teeth and prevent overgrowth. Regular check-ups with a veterinarian are also crucial to monitor dental health and address any issues promptly.

Another concern with Beveren rabbits is obesity. This large breed can quickly gain weight if provided with an improper diet. Monitor the rabbit’s pellet intake and provide vegetables, leafy greens, and occasional fruit treats in balance with hay to maintain a healthy weight. Regular exercise is also essential to prevent weight gain and related health issues.

Infections and parasites may also affect the health of Beveren rabbits. Ensuring a clean and hygienic habitat, both indoors and outdoors, can significantly decrease the likelihood of infections. It is essential to regularly clean the rabbit’s living area and provide protection from predators when outdoors. A veterinarian can recommend appropriate treatments and preventative measures for parasites and infections.

Finally, Beveren rabbits may be prone to respiratory issues. Adequate ventilation in the rabbit’s living space is necessary to prevent respiratory infections. In case of any breathing difficulties or abnormal behavior, consult a veterinarian for proper diagnosis and treatment.

By staying attentive to the health of a Beveren rabbit, providing a well-balanced diet, and maintaining a clean and safe living environment, owners can significantly decrease the risk of potential health problems for their pet. Regular visits to a veterinarian can also assist in keeping the rabbit in good health and detect any issues early on, allowing for timely treatment and care.

Training and Interaction

Beveren rabbits are known for their sociable and playful nature, making them suitable pets for families, including those with children. As with any pet, proper training and interaction are crucial to keep them happy and well-behaved.

When it comes to training, patience and consistency are key. Due to their intelligence, Beveren rabbits can be taught simple tricks and commands, making them a delight for children and adults alike. Using positive reinforcement, such as treats or praise, will encourage the desired behavior. Regular training sessions, no longer than 15 minutes each, can be beneficial in building a strong bond between the rabbit and its owner.

Introducing toys to a Beveren rabbit’s environment is essential for their mental and physical well-being. Providing them with items such as tunnels, balls, and chew toys will keep them stimulated and prevent boredom. Additionally, creating a safe space for them to explore and exercise is critical in maintaining their overall health.

Children should be taught to approach and handle the rabbit gently, always supporting their hind legs to avoid injury. When interacting with other pets, it’s essential to supervise the rabbit and ensure they have a designated area to retreat to if necessary. Never leave a rabbit unsupervised with dogs or cats, as their natural instincts can pose a danger to the rabbit.

Potty training a Beveren rabbit can be achieved through a method called “litter box training”. Start by placing a litter box in the rabbit’s enclosure, near an area where it usually goes to the bathroom. Gradually, the rabbit will learn to use the litter box, making clean-up easier for the owner. Regularly changing the litter and keeping the enclosure clean are essential in maintaining good hygiene for both the rabbit and the household.

In summary, training and interacting with a Beveren rabbit require patience, consistency, and supervision. Providing them with an enriching environment, suitable toys, and proper training methods can lead to a well-adjusted and happy pet, ideal for families and individuals alike.

Breeding Stories

Beveren rabbits are known for their captivating history and breeders have played a significant role in their development. Originating from Beveren, Belgium, these rabbits gained recognition throughout Europe and eventually reached the United States. Breeders have worked diligently to maintain the distinct characteristics of this large breed rabbit.

When it comes to breeding, Beveren does make good mothers, and their litters are known to be relatively large. The does are generally very nurturing and attentive to their kits, facilitating their growth at a rapid pace. This is an essential aspect of the Beveren rabbit breed, as their size is a key identifying factor.

Bucks, or male Beveren rabbits, tend to exhibit an intelligent and curious demeanor. Paired with their energetic nature, this makes them appealing to breeders seeking a rabbit with a distinct personality. The characteristics of both bucks and does contribute to the unique appeal of the Beveren rabbit.

It’s important to note that the Beveren rabbit breed is recognized by the American Rabbit Breeders Association in three distinct colors: Black, Blue, and White. The coat of these rabbits should be dense and glossy, with a gentle rollback fur type. Breeders often take great care in maintaining these breed specifications, allowing them to preserve the beautiful and unique aspects of the Beveren rabbit.

In summary, Beveren rabbits have gained attention from breeders around the world due to their large size, captivating characteristics, and excellent maternal instincts. The dedication of breeders has played a vital role in preserving and promoting this rare breed, ensuring that the Beveren rabbit continues to captivate the hearts of rabbit enthusiasts.

Use in Industries

The Beveren rabbit has played a significant role in various industries, particularly in meat and fur production. Known for its large size, this breed carries significant value due to its efficiency in providing meat and fur for different purposes.

Beveren rabbits were primarily developed for their fur, which was highly sought after by furriers. These fur rabbits have fine, dense, and glossy coats that come in a range of colors, including black, blue, and white. The luxurious quality of their fur made them popular with furriers, who utilized the pelts in clothing and accessories.

In the meat industry, Beverens are also a valuable breed due to their size and weight. Adult rabbits typically weigh between 8 and 12 pounds, providing a considerable amount of meat per rabbit. As a result, the breed has been utilized on farms and in the food industry for the production of rabbit meat.

Despite the decreased popularity of Beveren rabbits in recent years, they are still bred and kept by some people for their original purpose as fur rabbits. These breeders maintain a select group of high-quality Beverens that continue to produce luxurious fur for various clothing and accessory applications.

While the Beveren rabbit remains a significant resource in industries focusing on fur and meat production, it has increasingly gained acknowledgment for its temperament and suitability as a pet. With a gentle demeanor and sociable nature, the Beveren rabbit has the potential to attract even more interest and appreciation in the years to come.

Frequently Asked Questions

What is the average size of a Beveren rabbit?

The Beveren rabbit belongs to the “giant rabbit” category, and its size is quite impressive. These rabbits can grow as large as most cats, making them an ideal choice for those looking for a big, affectionate pet.

What makes Black and White Beveren rabbits unique?

Black and White Beveren rabbits are often considered unique due to their striking appearance and color combinations. Their fur is thick and luxurious, which adds to their overall charm and appeal. They also have curious, obedient, and lively temperaments, making them excellent pets for singles and families with older children.

How rare are Beveren rabbits?

While Beveren rabbits are not extremely rare, certain color varieties such as the Pointed Beveren are considered rare. These rabbits were initially bred for their fur in the late 1800s in Belgium, but have since gained popularity as show animals and pets.

Are Beveren rabbits good for meat production?

Beveren rabbits were originally bred for their fur, but they can also be raised for meat production. Due to their large size, these rabbits can provide a substantial amount of meat, making them suitable for this purpose. However, their primary appeal still lies in their intriguing appearance and friendly demeanor.

What are some interesting facts about the Beveren rabbit breed?

Some interesting facts about the Beveren rabbit breed include:

  1. They originated in Beveren, Belgium, in 1898.
  2. Beveren rabbits are believed to be from the same breeding stock as the St. Nicholas Blue Rabbit, the Brabancon Rabbit, and the Blue Vienna Rabbit.
  3. They are highly sociable creatures and can adapt well as indoor or outdoor pets.
  4. Beveren rabbits can be taught tricks and are easy to housetrain.

What are the different color varieties of Beveren rabbits?

Beveren rabbits come in various color varieties, such as Blue, Black, and White. There is also a rare variant called the Pointed Beveren, which adds to the breed’s diversity and appeal.

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